Goto Section: 73.757 | 73.759 | Table of Contents
Revised as of November 25, 2020
Goto Year:2020 |
§ 73.758 System specifications for digitally modulated emissions in the HF
(a) For digitally modulated emissions, the Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM)
standard shall be employed. Both digital audio broadcasting and
datacasting are authorized. The RF requirements for the DRM system are
specified in paragraphs (b) and (c), of this section.
(b) System parameters—(1) Channel spacing. The initial spacing for
digitally modulated emissions shall be 10 kHz. However, interleaved
channels with a separation of 5 kHz may be used in accordance with the
appropriate protection criteria appearing in Resolution 543 (WRC-03),
provided that the interleaved emission is not to the same geographical
area as either of the emissions between which it is interleaved.
(2) Channel utilization. Channels using digitally modulated emissions
may share the same spectrum or be interleaved with analog emissions in
the same high frequency broadcasting (HFBC) band, provided the
protection afforded to the analog emissions is at least as great as
that which is currently in force for analog-to-analog protection.
Accomplishing this may require that the digital spectral power density
(and total power) be lower by several dB than is currently used for
either DSB or SSB emissions.
(c) Emission characteristics—(1) Bandwidth and center frequency. A full
digitally modulated emission will have a 10 kHz bandwidth with its
center frequency at any of the 5 kHz center frequency locations in the
channel raster currently in use within the HFBC bands. Among several
possible “simulcast” modes are those having a combination of analog and
digital emissions of the same program in the same channel, that may use
a digital emission of 5 kHz or 10 kHz bandwidth, next to either a 5 kHz
or 10 kHz analog emission. In all cases of this type, the 5 kHz
interleaved raster used in HFBC shall be adhered to in placing the
emission within these bands.
(2) Frequency tolerance. The frequency tolerance shall be 10 Hz. See
Section 73.757(b)(2), notes 1 and 2.
(3) Audio-frequency band. The quality of service, using digital source
coding within a 10 kHz bandwidth, taking into account the need to adapt
the emission coding for various levels of error avoidance, detection
and correction, can range from the equivalent of monophonic FM
(approximately 15 kHz) to the low-level performance of a speech codec
(of the order of 3 kHz). The choice of audio quality is connected to
the needs of the broadcaster and listener, and includes the
consideration of such characteristics as the propagation conditions
expected. There is no single specification, only the upper and lower
bounds noted in this paragraph.
(4) Modulation. Quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) with orthogonal
frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) shall be used. 64-QAM is
feasible under many propagation conditions; others such as 32-, 16- and
8-QAM are specified for use when needed.
(5) RF protection ratio values. The protection ratio values for
analogue and digital emissions for co-channel and adjacent channel
conditions shall be in accordance with Resolution 543 (WRC-03) as
provisional RF protection ratio values subject to revision or
confirmation by a future competent conference.
[ 70 FR 46677 , Aug. 10, 2005]
Goto Section: 73.757 | 73.759
Goto Year: 2020 |
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