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Revised as of September 1, 2021
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§ 3.2 Terms and definitions.
(a) Accounting Authority. The Administration of the country that has
issued the license for a mobile station or the recognized operating
agency or other entity/entities designated by the Administration in
accordance with ITR, Appendix 2 and ITU-T Recommendation D.90 to whom
maritime accounts in respect of mobile stations licensed by that
country may be sent.
(b) Accounting Authority Certification Officer. The official designated
by the Managing Director, Federal Communications Commission, who is
responsible, based on the coordination and review of information
related to applicants, for granting certification as an accounting
authority in the maritime mobile and maritime mobile-satellite radio
services. The Accounting Authority Certification Officer may initiate
action to suspend or cancel an accounting authority certification if it
is determined to be in the public's best interest.
(c) Accounting Authority Identification Codes (AAICs). The discrete
identification code of an accounting authority responsible for the
settlement of maritime accounts (Annex A to ITU-T Recommendation D.90).
(d) Administration. Any governmental department or service responsible
for discharging the obligations undertaken in the Convention of the
International Telecommunication Union and the Radio Regulations. For
purposes of these rules, “Administration” refers to a foreign
government or the U.S. Government, and more specifically, to the
Federal Communications Commission.
(e) Authorization. Approval by the Federal Communications Commission to
operate as an accounting authority. Synonymous with “certification”.
(f) CCITT. The internationally recognized French acronym for the
International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, one of
the former sub-entities of the International Telecommunication Union
(ITU). The CCITT (ITU-T)1 is responsible for developing international
telecommunications recommendations relating to standardization of
international telecommunications services and facilities, including
matters related to international charging and accounting principles and
the settlement of international telecommunications accounts.
1At the ITU Additional Plenipotentiary Conference in Geneva (December,
1992), the structure, working methods and construct of the basic ITU
treaty instrument were modified. The result is that the names of the
sub-entities of the ITU have changed (e.g., the CCITT has become the
Telecommunication Standardization Sector—ITU-T and Recognized Private
Operating Agency has become Recognized Operating Agency-ROA). The
changes were placed into provisional effect on March 1, 1993 with the
formal entry into force of these changes being July 1, 1994. We will
refer to the new nomenclatures within these rules, wherever
Such recommendations are, effectively, the detailed implementation
provisions for topics addressed in the International Telecommunication
(g) Certification. Approval by the FCC to operate as an accounting
authority. Synonymous with “authorization”.
(h) Coast Earth Station. An earth station in the fixed-satellite
service or, in some cases, in the maritime mobile-satellite service,
located at a specified fixed point on land to provide a feeder link for
the maritime mobile-satellite service.
(i) Coast Station. A land station in the maritime mobile service.
(j) Commission. The Federal Communications Commission. The FCC.
(k) Gold Franc. A monetary unit representing the value of a particular
nation's currency to a gold par value. One of the monetary units used
to effect accounting settlements in the maritime mobile and the
maritime mobile-satellite services.
(l) International Telecommunication Union (ITU). One of the United
Nations family organizations headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland along
with several other United Nations (UN) family organizations. The ITU is
the UN agency responsible for all matters related to international
telecommunications. The ITU has over 180 Member Countries, including
the United States, and provides an international forum for dealing with
all aspects of international telecommunications, including radio,
telecom services and telecom facilities.
(m) Linking Coefficient. The ITU mandated conversion factor used to
convert gold francs to Special Drawing Rights (SDRs). Among other
things, it is used to perform accounting settlements in the maritime
mobile and the maritime mobile-satellite services.
(n) Maritime Mobile Service. A mobile service between coast stations
and ship stations, or between ship stations, or between associated
on-board communication stations. Survival craft stations and emergency
position- indicating radiobeacon stations may also participate in this
(o) Maritime Mobile-Satellite Service. A mobile-satellite service in
which mobile earth stations are located on board ships. Survival craft
stations and emergency position-indicating radiobeacon stations may
also participate in this radio service.
(p) Public Correspondence. Any telecommunication which the offices and
stations must, by reason of their being at the disposal of the public,
accept for transmission. This usually applies to maritime mobile and
maritime mobile-satellite stations.
(q) Recognized Operating Agencies (ROAs).2 Individuals, companies or
corporations, other than governments or agencies, recognized by
administrations, which operate telecommunications installations or
provide telecommunications services intended for international use or
which are capable of causing interference to international
telecommunications. ROAs which settle debtor accounts for public
correspondence in the maritime mobile and maritime mobile-satellite
radio services must be certified as accounting authorities.
(r) Ship Station. A mobile station in the maritime mobile service
located on board a vessel which is not permanently moored, other than a
survival craft station.
(s) Special Drawing Right (SDR). A monetary unit of the International
Monetary Fund (IMF) currently based on a market basket of exchange
rates for the United States, West Germany, Great Britain, France and
Japan but is subject to IMF's definition. One of the monetary units
used to effect accounting settlements in the maritime mobile and
maritime mobile-satellite services.
(t) United States. The continental U.S., Alaska, Hawaii, the
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands or any territory or
possession of the United States.
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