Goto Section: 25.207 | 25.209 | Table of Contents

FCC 25.208
Revised as of November 19, 2020
Goto Year:2020 | 2022
  §  25.208   Power flux-density limits.

   (a) In the band 3650-4200 MHz, the power flux density at the Earth's
   surface produced by emissions from a space station for all conditions
   and for all methods of modulation shall not exceed the following
   values:

   −152 dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −152 + (δ−5)/2 dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band for angles of arrival δ (in
   degrees) between 5 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   −142 dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane

   These limits relate to the power flux density which would be obtained
   under assumed free-space propagation conditions.

   (b) In the bands 10.95-11.2 and 11.45-11.7 GHz for GSO FSS space
   stations and 10.7-11.7 GHz for NGSO FSS space stations, the power
   flux-density at the Earth's surface produced by emissions from a space
   station for all conditions and for all methods of modulation shall not
   exceed the lower of the following values:

   (1) −150 dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and
   5 degrees above the horizontal plane; −150 + (δ−5)/2 dB(W/m2) in any 4
   kHz band for angles of arrival (δ) (in degrees) between 5 and 25
   degrees above the horizontal plane; and −140 dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band
   for angles of arrival between 25 and 90 degrees above the horizontal
   plane; or

   (2) −126 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and
   5 degrees above the horizontal plane; −126 + (δ−5)/2 dB(W/m2) in any 1
   MHz band for angles of arrival (δ) (in degrees) between 5 and 25
   degrees above the horizontal plane; and −116 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band
   for angles of arrival between 25 and 90 degrees above the horizontal
   plane.

   Note to paragraph (b): These limits relate to the power flux density,
   which would be obtained under assumed free-space propagation
   conditions.

   (c) For a GSO space station in the 17.7-19.7 GHz, 22.55-23.55 GHz, or
   24.45-24.75 GHz bands, or for an NGSO space station in the 22.55-23.55
   GHz or 24.45-24.75 GHz bands, the PFD at the Earth's surface produced
   by emissions for all conditions and for all methods of modulation must
   not exceed the following values:

   (1) −115 dB (W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0
   and 5 degrees above the horizontal plane.

   (2) −115 + 0.5 (δ-5) dB (W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival
   d (in degrees) between 5 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane.

   (3) −105 dB (W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25
   and 90 degrees above the horizontal plane.

   (d) In addition to the limits specified in paragraph (c) of this
   section, the power flux-density across the 200 MHz band 18.6-18.8 GHz
   produced at the Earth's surface by emissions from a space station under
   assumed free-space propagation conditions shall not exceed −95 dB
   (W/m2) for all angles of arrival. This limit may be exceeded by up to 3
   dB for no more than 5% of the time.

   (e)-(m) [Reserved]

   (n) The power-flux density at the Earth's surface produced by emissions
   from a space station in the Fixed-Satellite Service (space-to-Earth),
   for all conditions and for all methods of modulation, shall not exceed
   the limits given in Table N. These limits relate to the power
   flux-density which would be obtained under assumed free-space
   conditions.

   Table N—Limits of Power-Flux Density From Space Stations in the Band
   6700-7075 MHz
   Frequency band Limit in dB (W/m^2) for angle of arrival (δ) above the
   horizontal plane Reference bandwidth
   0°-5° 5°-25° 25°-90°
   6700-6825 MHz −137 −137 + 0.5(δ−5) −127 1 MHz.
   6825-7075 MHz −154
   and −154 + 0.5(δ−5)
   and −144
   and 4 kHz.
       −134 −134 + 0.5(δ−5) −124 1 MHz.

   (o) In the band 12.2-12.7 GHz, for NGSO FSS space stations, the
   specified low-angle power flux-density at the Earth's surface produced
   by emissions from a space station shall not be exceeded into an
   operational MVDDS receiver:

   (1) −158 dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and
   2 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   (2) −158 + 3.33(δ−2) dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band for angles of arrival
   (δ) (in degrees) between 2 and 5 degrees above the horizontal plane.

   Note to paragraph (o): These limits relate to the power flux density,
   which would be obtained under assumed free-space propagation
   conditions.

   (p) The power flux-density at the Earth's surface produced by emissions
   from a space station in either the Earth exploration-satellite service
   in the band 25.5-27 GHz or the inter-satellite service in the band
   25.25-27.5 GHz for all conditions and for all methods of modulation
   shall not exceed the following values:

   −115 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −115 + 0.5(−5) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between
   5 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −105 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane.

   These limits relate to the power flux-density which would be obtained
   under assumed free-space propagation conditions.

   (q) In the band 37.5-40.0 GHz, the power flux-density at the Earth's
   surface produced by emissions from a geostationary space station for
   all methods of modulation shall not exceed the following values.

   (1) This limit relates to the power flux-density which would be
   obtained under assumed free space conditions (that is, when no
   allowance is made for propogation impairments such as rain-fade):

   −139 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −139 + 4/3 (δ−5) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ (in
   degrees) between 5 and 20 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   −119 + 0.4 (δ−20) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ
   (in degrees) between 20 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −117 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   (2) This limit relates to the maximum power flux-density which would be
   obtained anywhere on the surface of the Earth during periods when FSS
   system raises power to compensate for rain-fade conditions at the FSS
   Earth station:

   −127 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −127 + 4/3 (δ−5) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ (in
   degrees) between 5 and 20 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   −107 + 0.4 (δ−20) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ
   (in degrees) between 20 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −105 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane.

   Note to paragraph (q): The conditions under which satellites may exceed
   the power flux-density limits for normal free space propagation
   described in paragraph (p)(1) to compensate for the effects of rain
   fading are under study and have therefore not yet been defined. Such
   conditions and the extent to which these limits can be exceeded will be
   the subject of a further rulemaking by the Commission on the satellite
   service rules.

   (r) In the band 37.5-40.0 GHz, the power flux-density at the Earth's
   surface produced by emissions from a non-geostationary space station
   for all methods of modulation shall not exceed the following values:

   (1) This limit relates to the power flux-density which would be
   obtained under assumed free space conditions (that is, when no
   allowance is made for propogation impairments such as rain-fade):

   −132 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −132 + 0.75 (δ−5) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ
   (in degrees) between 5 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   −117 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   (2) This limit relates to the maximum power flux-density which would be
   obtained anywhere on the surface of the Earth during periods when FSS
   system raises power to compensate for rain-fade conditions at the FSS
   Earth station:

   −120 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −120 + 0.75 (δ−5) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ
   (in degrees) between 5 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   −105 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane.

   Note to paragraph (r): The conditions under which satellites may exceed
   these power flux-density limits for normal free space propagation
   described in paragraph (q)(1) to compensate for the effects of rain
   fading are under study and have therefore not yet been defined. Such
   conditions and the extent to which these limits can be exceeded will be
   the subject of a further rulemaking by the Commission on the satellite
   service rules.

   (s) In the 40.0-40.5 GHz band, the power flux density at the Earth's
   surface produced by emissions from a space station for all conditions
   and for all methods of modulation shall not exceed the following
   values:

   −115 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −115 + 0.5 (δ−5) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ (in
   degrees) between 5 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   −105 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   Note to paragraph (s): These limits relate to the power flux-density
   that would be obtained under assumed free-space propagation conditions.

   (t) In the band 40.5-42.0 GHz, the power flux density at the Earth's
   surface produced by emissions from a non-geostationary space station
   for all conditions and for all methods of modulation shall not exceed
   the following values:

   −115 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −115 + 0.5 (δ−5) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ (in
   degrees) between 5 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   −105 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   Note to paragraph (t): These limits relate to the power flux density
   that would be obtained under assumed free-space propagation conditions.

   (u) In the band 40.5-42.0 GHz, the power flux-density at the Earth's
   surface produced by emissions from a geostationary space station for
   all conditions and for all methods of modulation shall not exceed the
   following values:

   −120 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −120 + (δ−5) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ (in
   degrees) between 5 and 15 degrees above the horizontal plane;

   −110 + 0.5 (δ−15) dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival δ
   (in degrees) between 15 and 25 degrees above the horizontal plane; and

   −105 dB(W/m2) in any 1 MHz band for angles of arrival between 25 and 90
   degrees above the horizontal plane;

   Note to paragraph (u): These limits relate to the power flux-density
   that would be obtained under assumed free-space propagation conditions.

   (v) In the band 2496-2500 MHz, the power flux-density at the Earth's
   surface produced by emissions from non-geostationary space stations for
   all conditions and all methods of modulation shall not exceed the
   following values (these values are obtained under assumed free-space
   propagation conditions):

   (1) −144 dB (W/m^2) in 4 kHz for all angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane; −144 dB (W/m^2) + 0.65(δ −5) in 4
   kHz for all angles of arrival between 5 and 25 degrees above the
   horizontal plane; and

   −131 dB (W/m^2) in 4 kHz and for all angles of arrival between 25 and
   90 degrees above the horizontal plane.

   (2) −126 dB (W/m^2) in 1 MHz for all angles of arrival between 0 and 5
   degrees above the horizontal plane; −126 dB (W/m^2) + 0.65(δ −5) in 1
   MHz for all angles of arrival between 5 and 25 degrees above the
   horizontal plane; and

   −113 dB (W/m^2) in 1 MHz and for all angles of arrival between 25 and
   90 degrees above the horizontal plane.

   (w) The power flux density at the Earth's surface produced by emissions
   from a 17/24 GHz BSS space station operating in the 17.3-17.7 GHz band
   for all conditions and all methods of modulation must not exceed the
   regional power flux density levels prescribed in paragraphs (w)(1)
   through (4) of this section.

   (1) In the region of the contiguous United States, located south of 38°
   North Latitude and east of 100 West Longitude: −115 dBW/m2/MHz.

   (2) In the region of the contiguous United States, located north of 38°
   North Latitude and east of 100° West Longitude: −118 dBW/m2/MHz.

   (3) In the region of the contiguous United States, located west of 100
   West Longitude: −121 dBW/m2/MHz.

   (4) For all regions outside of the contiguous United States including
   Alaska and Hawaii: −115 dBW/m2/MHz.

   Note to paragraph (w): These limits pertain to the power flux-density
   that would be obtained under assumed free-space propagation conditions.

   [ 48 FR 40255 , Sept. 6, 1983]

   Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 25.208, see
   the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids
   section of the printed volume and at www.govinfo.gov.

   


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Goto Year: 2020 | 2022
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