Goto Section: 11.16 | 11.20 | Table of Contents
Revised as of November 24, 2020
Goto Year:2020 |
§ 11.18 EAS Designations.
(a) A Primary Entry Point (PEP) is a private or commercial radio
broadcast station that cooperatively participates with FEMA to provide
EAS alerts to the public. PEPs are the primary source of initial
broadcast for a Presidential Alert. A PEP is equipped with back-up
communications equipment and power generators designed to enable it to
continue broadcasting information to the public during and after
disasters of national significance. The Primary Entry Point System is a
nationwide network of such broadcast stations used to distribute EAS
alerts formatted in the EAS Protocol. FEMA is responsible for
designating broadcast stations as PEPs.
(b) A National Primary (NP) is an entity tasked with the primary
responsibility of receiving the Presidential Alert from a PEP and
delivering it to an individual state or portion of a state. In states
without a PEP, the NP is responsible for receiving the Presidential
Alert from an out-of-state PEP and transmitting it to the public and
other EAS Participants in the state. Multiple entities may be charged
with primary responsibility for delivering the Presidential Alert.
(c) A State Primary (SP) is an entity tasked with initiating the
delivery of EAS alerts other than the Presidential Alert.
(d) A State Relay (SR) is an entity not otherwise designated that is
charged with retransmitting EAS alerts for the purpose of being
monitored by a Local Primary or Participating National.
(e) State Relay Network (SRN) is a network composed of State Relay (SR)
sources, leased common carrier communications facilities or any other
available communication facilities. The network distributes State EAS
messages originated by the Governor or designated official. In addition
to EAS monitoring, satellites, microwave, FM subcarrier or any other
communications technology may be used to distribute State emergency
(f) A Local Primary (LP) is an entity that serves as a monitoring
assignment for other EAS Participants within the state. LP sources may
be assigned numbers (e.g., LP-1, 2, 3) are relied on as monitoring
sources by other EAS Participants in the Local Area. An LP may monitor
any other station, including another LP, so long as doing so avoids
creating a single point of failure in the alert distribution hierarchy.
(g) A Participating National (PN) is an EAS Participant that transmits
national, state, or Local Area EAS messages, and is not otherwise
designated within the State EAS Plan.
[ 83 FR 37759 , Aug. 2, 2018]
Goto Section: 11.16 | 11.20
Goto Year: 2020 |
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