Goto Section: 15.253 | 15.256 | Table of Contents
Revised as of February 18, 2020
Goto Year:2019 |
§ 15.255 Operation within the band 57-71 GHz.
(a) Operation under the provisions of this section is not permitted for
the following products:
(1) Equipment used on satellites.
(2) Field disturbance sensors, including vehicle radar systems, unless
the field disturbance sensors are employed for fixed operation, or used
as short-range devices for interactive motion sensing. For the purposes
of this section, the reference to fixed operation includes field
disturbance sensors installed in fixed equipment, even if the sensor
itself moves within the equipment.
(b) Operation on aircraft is permitted under the following conditions:
(1) When the aircraft is on the ground.
(2) While airborne, only in closed exclusive on-board communication
networks within the aircraft, with the following exceptions:
(i) Equipment shall not be used in wireless avionics
intra-communication (WAIC) applications where external structural
sensors or external cameras are mounted on the outside of the aircraft
(ii) Equipment shall not be used on aircraft where there is little
attenuation of RF signals by the body/fuselage of the aircraft. These
aircraft include, but are not limited to, toy/model aircraft, unmanned
aircraft, crop-spraying aircraft, aerostats, etc.
(c) Within the 57-71 GHz band, emission levels shall not exceed the
following equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP):
(1) Products other than fixed field disturbance sensors and short-range
devices for interactive motion sensing shall comply with one of the
following emission limits, as measured during the transmit interval:
(i) The average power of any emission shall not exceed 40 dBm and the
peak power of any emission shall not exceed 43 dBm; or
(ii) For fixed point-to-point transmitters located outdoors, the
average power of any emission shall not exceed 82 dBm, and shall be
reduced by 2 dB for every dB that the antenna gain is less than 51 dBi.
The peak power of any emission shall not exceed 85 dBm, and shall be
reduced by 2 dB for every dB that the antenna gain is less than 51 dBi.
(A) The provisions in this paragraph (c) for reducing transmit power
based on antenna gain shall not require that the power levels be
reduced below the limits specified in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this
(B) The provisions of § 15.204(c)(2) and (4) that permit the use of
different antennas of the same type and of equal or less directional
gain do not apply to intentional radiator systems operating under this
provision. In lieu thereof, intentional radiator systems shall be
certified using the specific antenna(s) with which the system will be
marketed and operated. Compliance testing shall be performed using the
highest gain and the lowest gain antennas for which certification is
sought and with the intentional radiator operated at its maximum
available output power level. The responsible party, as defined in
§ 2.909 of this chapter, shall supply a list of acceptable antennas with
the application for certification.
(2) For fixed field disturbance sensors that occupy 500 MHz or less of
bandwidth and that are contained wholly within the frequency band
61.0-61.5 GHz, the average power of any emission, measured during the
transmit interval, shall not exceed 40 dBm, and the peak power of any
emission shall not exceed 43 dBm. In addition, the average power of any
emission outside of the 61.0-61.5 GHz band, measured during the
transmit interval, but still within the 57-71 GHz band, shall not
exceed 10 dBm, and the peak power of any emission shall not exceed 13
(3) For fixed field disturbance sensors other than those operating
under the provisions of paragraph (c)(2) of this section, and
short-range devices for interactive motion sensing, the peak
transmitter conducted output power shall not exceed −10 dBm and the
peak EIRP level shall not exceed 10 dBm.
(4) The peak power shall be measured with an RF detector that has a
detection bandwidth that encompasses the 57-71 GHz band and has a video
bandwidth of at least 10 MHz. The average emission levels shall be
measured over the actual time period during which transmission occurs.
(d) Limits on spurious emissions:
(1) The power density of any emissions outside the 57-71 GHz band shall
consist solely of spurious emissions.
(2) Radiated emissions below 40 GHz shall not exceed the general limits
in § 15.209.
(3) Between 40 GHz and 200 GHz, the level of these emissions shall not
exceed 90 pW/cm2 at a distance of 3 meters.
(4) The levels of the spurious emissions shall not exceed the level of
the fundamental emission.
(e) Except as specified paragraph (e)(1) of this section, the peak
transmitter conducted output power shall not exceed 500 mW. Depending
on the gain of the antenna, it may be necessary to operate the
intentional radiator using a lower peak transmitter output power in
order to comply with the EIRP limits specified in paragraph (b) of this
(1) Transmitters with an emission bandwidth of less than 100 MHz must
limit their peak transmitter conducted output power to the product of
500 mW times their emission bandwidth divided by 100 MHz. For the
purposes of this paragraph, emission bandwidth is defined as the
instantaneous frequency range occupied by a steady state radiated
signal with modulation, outside which the radiated power spectral
density never exceeds 6 dB below the maximum radiated power spectral
density in the band, as measured with a 100 kHz resolution bandwidth
spectrum analyzer. The center frequency must be stationary during the
measurement interval, even if not stationary during normal operation
(e.g., for frequency hopping devices).
(2) Peak transmitter conducted output power shall be measured with an
RF detector that has a detection bandwidth that encompasses the 57-71
GHz band and that has a video bandwidth of at least 10 MHz.
(3) For purposes of demonstrating compliance with this paragraph,
corrections to the transmitter conducted output power may be made due
to the antenna and circuit loss.
(f) Frequency stability. Fundamental emissions must be contained within
the frequency bands specified in this section during all conditions of
operation. Equipment is presumed to operate over the temperature range
−20 to + 50 degrees Celsius with an input voltage variation of 85% to
115% of rated input voltage, unless justification is presented to
(g) Regardless of the power density levels permitted under this
section, devices operating under the provisions of this section are
subject to the radiofrequency radiation exposure requirements specified
in § § 1.1307(b), 2.1091 and 2.1093 of this chapter, as appropriate.
Applications for equipment authorization of devices operating under
this section must contain a statement confirming compliance with these
requirements for both fundamental emissions and unwanted emissions.
Technical information showing the basis for this statement must be
submitted to the Commission upon request.
(h) Any transmitter that has received the necessary FCC equipment
authorization under the rules of this chapter may be mounted in a group
installation for simultaneous operation with one or more other
transmitter(s) that have received the necessary FCC equipment
authorization, without any additional equipment authorization. However,
no transmitter operating under the provisions of this section may be
equipped with external phase-locking inputs that permit beam-forming
arrays to be realized.
(i) Measurement procedures that have been found to be acceptable to the
Commission in accordance with § 2.947 of this chapter may be used to
[ 63 FR 42279 , Aug. 7, 1998, as amended at 66 FR 7409 , Jan. 23, 2001; 68 FR 68547 , Dec. 9, 2003; 78 FR 59850 , Sept. 30, 2013; 81 FR 79936 , Nov.
14, 2016; 83 FR 63 , Jan. 2, 2018]
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Goto Section: 15.253 | 15.256
Goto Year: 2019 |
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