Goto Section: 74.781 | 74.783 | Table of Contents

FCC 74.782
Revised as of December 7, 2018
Goto Year:2018 | 2020
  § 74.782   Low power television and TV translator simulcasting during the ATSC
3.0 (Next Gen TV) transition.

   (a) Simulcasting arrangements. While broadcasters are voluntarily
   deploying ATSC 3.0, a low power television (LPTV) or TV translator
   station may partner with one or more other LPTV or TV translator
   stations or with one or more full power or Class A stations in a
   simulcasting arrangement for purposes of airing either an ATSC 1.0 or
   ATSC 3.0 signal on a host station's (i.e., a station whose facilities
   are being used to transmit programming originated by another station)
   facilities.

   (1) An LPTV or TV translator station airing an ATSC 1.0 or ATSC 3.0
   signal on the facilities of a full power host station must comply with
   the rules of part 73 of this chapter governing power levels and
   interference, and must comply in all other respects with the rules and
   policies applicable to low power television or TV translator stations
   set forth in this part.

   (2) An LPTV or TV translator station airing an ATSC 1.0 or ATSC 3.0
   signal on the facilities of a Class A host station must comply with the
   rules governing power levels and interference applicable to Class A
   television stations, and must comply in all other respects with the
   rules and policies applicable to LPTV or TV translator stations as set
   forth in Part 74 of this chapter.

   (b) Simulcasting requirement. An LPTV or TV translator station that
   elects voluntarily to simulcast while broadcasters are voluntarily
   deploying ATSC 3.0 must simulcast the primary video programming stream
   of their ATSC 3.0 signal in an ATSC 1.0 format. This requirement does
   not apply to any multicast streams aired on the ATSC 3.0 channel.

   (1) The programming aired on the ATSC 1.0 simulcast signal must be
   “substantially similar” to that aired on the ATSC 3.0 primary video
   programming stream. For purposes of this section, “substantially
   similar” means that the programming must be the same except for
   advertisements, promotions for upcoming programs, and programming
   features that are based on the enhanced capabilities of ATSC 3.0. These
   enhanced capabilities include:

   (i) Hyper-localized content (e.g., geo-targeted weather, targeted
   emergency alerts, and hyper-local news):

   (ii) Programming features or improvements created for the ATSC 3.0
   service (e.g., emergency alert “wake up” ability and interactive
   program features);

   (iii) Enhanced formats made possible by ATSC 3.0 technology (e.g., 4K
   or HDR); and

   (iv) Personalization of programming performed by the viewer and at the
   viewer's discretion.

   (2) For purposes of paragraph (b)(1) of this section, programming that
   airs at a different time on the ATSC 1.0 simulcast signal than on the
   primary video programming stream of the ATSC 3.0 signal is not
   considered “substantially similar.”

   (c) Transitioning directly to ATSC 3.0. LPTV and TV translator stations
   may transition directly from ATSC 1.0 to ATSC 3.0 operation without
   simulcasting.

   (d) Coverage requirements for the ATSC 1.0 simulcast channel. For LPTV
   and TV translator stations that elect voluntarily to simulcast and
   temporarily to relocate their ATSC 1.0 signal to the facilities of a
   host station for purposes of deploying ATSC 3.0 service (and that
   convert their existing facilities to ATSC 3.0), the station:

   (1) Must maintain overlap between the protected contour of its existing
   facilities and its ATSC 1.0 simulcast signal;

   (2) May not relocate its ATSC 1.0 simulcast signal more than 30 miles
   from the reference coordinates of the relocating station's existing
   antenna location; and

   (3) Must select a host station assigned to the same Designated Market
   Area as the originating station (i.e., the station whose programming is
   being transmitted on the host station).

   (e) Coverage requirements for ATSC 3.0 signals. For LPTV and TV
   translator stations that elect voluntarily to simulcast and to continue
   broadcasting in ATSC 1.0 from the station's existing facilities and
   transmit an ATSC 3.0 signal from a host location, the ATSC 3.0 signal
   must be established on a host station assigned to the same DMA as the
   originating station.

   (f) Simulcasting agreements. (1) Simulcasting agreements must contain
   provisions outlining each licensee's rights and responsibilities
   regarding:

   (i) Access to facilities, including whether each licensee will have
   unrestrained access to the host station's transmission facilities;

   (ii) Allocation of bandwidth within the host station's channel;

   (iii) Operation, maintenance, repair, and modification of facilities,
   including a list of all relevant equipment, a description of each
   party's financial obligations, and any relevant notice provisions;

   (iv) Conditions under which the simulcast agreement may be terminated,
   assigned or transferred; and

   (v) How a guest's station's (i.e., a station originating programming
   that is being transmitted using the facilities of a host station)
   signal may be transitioned off the host station.

   (2) LPTV and TV translators must maintain a written copy of any
   simulcasting agreement and provide it to the Commission upon request.

   (g) Licensing of simulcasting stations and stations converting to ATSC
   3.0 operation. (1) Each station participating in a simulcasting
   arrangement pursuant to this section shall continue to be licensed and
   operated separately, have its own call sign, and be separately subject
   to all applicable Commission obligations, rules, and policies. ATSC 1.0
   and ATSC 3.0 signals aired on the facilities of a host station will be
   licensed as temporary second channels of the originating station. The
   Commission will include a note on the originating station's license
   identifying any ATSC 1.0 or ATSC 3.0 signal being aired on the
   facilities of a host station. The Commission will also include a note
   on a host station's license identifying any ATSC 1.0 or ATSC 3.0 guest
   signal(s) being aired on the facilities of the host station.

   (2) Application required. An LPTV or TV translator broadcaster must
   file an application (FCC Form 2100) with the Commission, and receive
   Commission approval, before:

   (i) Moving its ATSC 1.0 signal to the facilities of a host station,
   moving that signal from the facilities of an existing host station to
   the facilities of a different host station, or discontinuing an ATSC
   1.0 guest signal;

   (ii) Commencing the airing of an ATSC 3.0 signal on the facilities of a
   host station (that has already converted to ATSC 3.0 operation), moving
   its ATSC 3.0 signal to the facilities of a different host station, or
   discontinuing an ATSC 3.0 guest signal; or

   (iii) Converting its existing station to transmit an ATSC 3.0 signal or
   converting the station from ATSC 3.0 back to ATSC 1.0 transmissions.

   (3) Streamlined process. With respect to an application in paragraph
   (g)(2) of this section, an LPTV or TV translator broadcaster may file
   only an application for modification of license provided no other
   changes are being requested in such application that would require the
   filing of an application for a construction permit as otherwise
   required by the rules (see, e.g., § § 74.751 and 74.787).

   (4) Host station. A host station must first make any necessary changes
   to its facilities before a guest station may file an application to air
   a 1.0 or 3.0 signal on such host.

   (5) Expedited processing. An application filed in accordance with the
   streamlined process in paragraph (g)(3) of this section will receive
   expedited processing provided, for LPTV and TV translator stations
   seeking voluntarily to simulcast and to air an ATSC 1.0 signal on the
   facilities of a host station, the station will provide ATSC 1.0 service
   to at least 95 percent of the predicted population within the protected
   contour of its original ATSC 1.0 facility.

   (6) Required information. (i) An application in paragraph (g)(2) of
   this section must include the following information:

   (A) The station serving as the host, if applicable;

   (B) The technical facilities of the host station, if applicable;

   (C) The DMA of the originating broadcaster's facility and the DMA of
   the host station, if applicable; and

   (D) Any other information deemed necessary by the Commission to process
   the application.

   (ii) If an application in paragraph (g)(2) of this section includes a
   request to air an ATSC 1.0 signal on the facilities of a host station,
   the LPTV or TV translator broadcaster must also indicate on the
   application:

   (A) The predicted population within the protected contour served by the
   station's original ATSC 1.0 signal;

   (B) The predicted population within the protected contour served by the
   station's original ATSC 1.0 signal that will lose the station's ATSC
   1.0 service as a result of the simulcasting arrangement, including
   identifying areas of service loss by providing a contour overlap map;
   and

   (C) Whether the ATSC 1.0 simulcast signal aired on the host station
   will serve at least 95 percent of the population in paragraph
   (g)(6)(ii)(A) of this section.

   (iii) If an application in paragraph (g)(2) of this section includes a
   request to air an ATSC 1.0 signal on the facilities of a host station
   and does not meet the 95 percent standard in paragraph (g)(6)(ii) of
   this section, the application must contain, in addition to the
   information in paragraphs (g)(6)(i) and (ii) of this section, the
   following information:

   (A) Whether there is another possible host station(s) in the market
   that would result in less service loss to existing viewers and, if so,
   why the Next Gen TV broadcaster chose to partner with a host station
   creating a larger service loss;

   (B) What steps, if any, the station plans to take to minimize the
   impact of the service loss (e.g., providing ATSC 3.0 dongles, set-top
   boxes, or gateway devices to viewers in the loss area); and

   (C) The public interest benefits of the simulcasting arrangement and a
   showing of why the benefit(s) of granting the application would
   outweigh the harm(s). These applications will be considered on a
   case-by-case basis.

   (h) Consumer education for Next Gen TV stations. (1) LPTV and TV
   translator stations that elect voluntarily to simulcast and that
   relocate their ATSC 1.0 signals (e.g., moving to a host station's
   facilities, subsequently moving to a different host, or returning to
   its original facility) will be required to air daily Public Service
   Announcements (PSAs) or crawls every day for 30 days prior to the date
   that the stations will terminate ATSC 1.0 operations on their existing
   facilities. LPTV and TV translator stations that transition directly to
   ATSC 3.0 will be required to air daily Public Service Announcements
   (PSAs) or crawls every day for 30 days prior to the date that the
   stations will terminate ATSC 1.0 operations.

   (2) PSAs. Each PSA must be provided in the same language as a majority
   of the programming carried by the transitioning station and be
   closed-captioned.

   (3) Crawls. Each crawl must be provided in the same language as a
   majority of the programming carried by the transitioning station.

   (4) Content of PSAs or crawls. For stations relocating their ATSC 1.0
   signals or transitioning directly to ATSC 3.0, each PSA or crawl must
   provide all pertinent information to consumers.

   (i) Notice to MVPDs. (1) Next Gen TV stations relocating their ATSC 1.0
   simulcast signals (e.g., moving to a temporary host station's
   facilities, subsequently moving to a different host, or returning to
   its original facility) must provide notice to MVPDs that:

   (i) No longer will be required to carry the station's ATSC 1.0 signal
   due to the relocation; or

   (ii) Carry and will continue to be obligated to carry the station's
   ATSC 1.0 signal from the new location.

   (2) The notice required by this section must contain the following
   information:

   (i) Date and time of any ATSC 1.0 channel changes;

   (ii) The ATSC 1.0 channel occupied by the station before and after
   commencement of local simulcasting;

   (iii) Modification, if any, to antenna position, location, or power
   levels;

   (iv) Stream identification information; and

   (v) Engineering staff contact information.

   (3) If any of the information in paragraph (f)(2) of this section
   changes, an amended notification must be sent.

   (4)(i) Next Gen TV stations must provide notice as required by this
   section:

   (A) At least 120 days in advance of relocating their ATSC 1.0 simulcast
   signals if the relocation occurs during the post-incentive auction
   transition period; or

   (B) At least 90 days in advance of relocating their 1.0 simulcast
   signals if the relocation occurs after the post-incentive auction
   transition period.

   (ii) If the anticipated date of the ATSC 1.0 service relocation
   changes, the station must send a further notice to affected MVPDs
   informing them of the new anticipated date.

   (5) Next Gen TV stations may choose whether to provide notice as
   required by this section either by a letter notification or
   electronically via email if the relevant MVPD agrees to receive such
   notices by email. Letter notifications to MVPDs must be sent by
   certified mail, return receipt requested to the MVPD's address in the
   FCC's Online Public Inspection File (OPIF), if the MVPD has an online
   file. For cable systems that do not have an online file, notices must
   be sent to the cable system's official address of record provided in
   the system's most recent filing in the FCC's Cable Operations and
   Licensing System (COALS). For MVPDs with no official address in OPIF or
   COALS, the letter must be sent to the MVPD's official corporate address
   registered with their State of incorporation.

   [ 83 FR 5026 , Feb. 2, 2018]

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Goto Section: 74.781 | 74.783

Goto Year: 2018 | 2020
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