Goto Section: 15.501 | 15.505 | Table of Contents

FCC 15.503
Revised as of January 22, 2019
Goto Year:2018 | 2020
  § 15.503   Definitions.

   (a) UWB bandwidth. For the purpose of this subpart, the UWB bandwidth
   is the frequency band bounded by the points that are 10 dB below the
   highest radiated emission, as based on the complete transmission system
   including the antenna. The upper boundary is designated fH and the
   lower boundary is designated fL. The frequency at which the highest
   radiated emission occurs is designated fM.

   (b) Center frequency. The center frequency, fC, equals (fH + fL)/2.

   (c) Fractional bandwidth. The fractional bandwidth equals 2(fH−fL)/ (fH
   + fL).

   (d) Ultra-wideband (UWB) transmitter. An intentional radiator that, at
   any point in time, has a fractional bandwidth equal to or greater than
   0.20 or has a UWB bandwidth equal to or greater than 500 MHz,
   regardless of the fractional bandwidth.

   (e) Imaging system. A general category consisting of ground penetrating
   radar systems, medical imaging systems, wall imaging systems
   through-wall imaging systems and surveillance systems. As used in this
   subpart, imaging systems do not include systems designed to detect the
   location of tags or systems used to transfer voice or data information.

   (f) Ground penetrating radar (GPR) system. A field disturbance sensor
   that is designed to operate only when in contact with, or within one
   meter of, the ground for the purpose of detecting or obtaining the
   images of buried objects or determining the physical properties within
   the ground. The energy from the GPR is intentionally directed down into
   the ground for this purpose.

   (g) Medical imaging system. A field disturbance sensor that is designed
   to detect the location or movement of objects within the body of a
   person or animal.

   (h) Wall imaging system. A field disturbance sensor that is designed to
   detect the location of objects contained within a “wall” or to
   determine the physical properties within the “wall.” The “wall” is a
   concrete structure, the side of a bridge, the wall of a mine or another
   physical structure that is dense enough and thick enough to absorb the
   majority of the signal transmitted by the imaging system. This category
   of equipment does not include products such as “stud locators” that are
   designed to locate objects behind gypsum, plaster or similar walls that
   are not capable of absorbing the transmitted signal.

   (i) Through-wall imaging system. A field disturbance sensor that is
   designed to detect the location or movement of persons or objects that
   are located on the other side of an opaque structure such as a wall or
   a ceiling. This category of equipment may include products such as
   “stud locators” that are designed to locate objects behind gypsum,
   plaster or similar walls that are not thick enough or dense enough to
   absorb the transmitted signal.

   (j) Surveillance system. A field disturbance sensor used to establish a
   stationary RF perimeter field that is used for security purposes to
   detect the intrusion of persons or objects.

   (k) EIRP. Equivalent isotropically radiated power, i.e., the product of
   the power supplied to the antenna and the antenna gain in a given
   direction relative to an isotropic antenna. The EIRP, in terms of dBm,
   can be converted to a field strength, in dBuV/m at 3 meters, by adding
   95.2. As used in this subpart, EIRP refers to the highest signal
   strength measured in any direction and at any frequency from the UWB
   device, as tested in accordance with the procedures specified in
   § 15.31(a) and 15.523 of this chapter.

   (l) Law enforcement, fire and emergency rescue organizations. As used
   in this subpart, this refers to those parties eligible to obtain a
   license from the FCC under the eligibility requirements specified in
   § 90.20(a)(1) of this chapter.

   (m) Hand held. As used in this subpart, a hand held device is a
   portable device, such as a lap top computer or a PDA, that is primarily
   hand held while being operated and that does not employ a fixed
   infrastructure.

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Goto Section: 15.501 | 15.505

Goto Year: 2018 | 2020
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