Goto Section: 15.401 | 15.405 | Table of Contents
Revised as of January 22, 2019
Goto Year:2018 |
§ 15.403 Definitions.
(a) Access Point (AP). A U-NII transceiver that operates either as a
bridge in a peer-to-peer connection or as a connector between the wired
and wireless segments of the network.
(b) Available Channel. A radio channel on which a Channel Availability
Check has not identified the presence of a radar.
(c) Average Symbol Envelope Power. The average symbol envelope power is
the average, taken over all symbols in the signaling alphabet, of the
envelope power for each symbol.
(d) Channel Availability Check. A check during which the U-NII device
listens on a particular radio channel to identify whether there is a
radar operating on that radio channel.
(e) Channel Move Time. The time needed by a U-NII device to cease all
transmissions on the current channel upon detection of a radar signal
above the DFS detection threshold.
(f) Digital modulation. The process by which the characteristics of a
carrier wave are varied among a set of predetermined discrete values in
accordance with a digital modulating function as specified in document
(g) Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS) is a mechanism that dynamically
detects signals from other systems and avoids co-channel operation with
these systems, notably radar systems.
(h) DFS Detection Threshold. The required detection level defined by
detecting a received signal strength (RSS) that is greater than a
threshold specified, within the U-NII device channel bandwidth.
(i) Emission bandwidth. For purposes of this subpart the emission
bandwidth shall be determined by measuring the width of the signal
between two points, one below the carrier center frequency and one
above the carrier center frequency, that are 26 dB down relative to the
maximum level of the modulated carrier. Determination of the emissions
bandwidth is based on the use of measurement instrumentation employing
a peak detector function with an instrument resolution bandwidth
approximately equal to 1.0 percent of the emission bandwidth of the
device under measurement.
(j) In-Service Monitoring. A mechanism to check a channel in use by the
U-NII device for the presence of a radar.
(k) Non-Occupancy Period. The required period in which, once a channel
has been recognized as containing a radar signal by a U-NII device, the
channel will not be selected as an available channel.
(l) Operating Channel. Once a U-NII device starts to operate on an
Available Channel then that channel becomes the Operating Channel.
(m) Maximum Power Spectral Density. The maximum power spectral density
is the maximum power spectral density, within the specified measurement
bandwidth, within the U-NII device operating band.
(n) Maximum Conducted Output Power. The total transmit power delivered
to all antennas and antenna elements averaged across all symbols in the
signaling alphabet when the transmitter is operating at its maximum
power control level. Power must be summed across all antennas and
antenna elements. The average must not include any time intervals
during which the transmitter is off or is transmitting at a reduced
power level. If multiple modes of operation are possible (e.g.,
alternative modulation methods), the maximum conducted output power is
the highest total transmit power occurring in any mode.
(o) Power Spectral Density. The power spectral density is the total
energy output per unit bandwidth from a pulse or sequence of pulses for
which the transmit power is at its maximum level, divided by the total
duration of the pulses. This total time does not include the time
between pulses during which the transmit power is off or below its
(p) Pulse. A pulse is a continuous transmission of a sequence of
modulation symbols, during which the average symbol envelope power is
(q) RLAN. Radio Local Area Network.
(r) Transmit Power Control (TPC). A feature that enables a U-NII device
to dynamically switch between several transmission power levels in the
data transmission process.
(s) U-NII devices. Intentional radiators operating in the frequency
bands 5.15-5.35 GHz and 5.470-5.85 GHz that use wideband digital
modulation techniques and provide a wide array of high data rate mobile
and fixed communications for individuals, businesses, and institutions.
[ 69 FR 2687 , Jan. 20, 2004, as amended at 69 FR 54036 , Sept. 7, 2004;
79 FR 24579 , May 1, 2014]
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Goto Section: 15.401 | 15.405
Goto Year: 2018 |
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