Goto Section: 15.113 | 15.117 | Table of Contents

FCC 15.115
Revised as of January 22, 2019
Goto Year:2018 | 2020
  § 15.115   TV interface devices, including cable system terminal devices.

   (a) Measurements of the radiated emissions of a TV interface device
   shall be conducted with the output terminal(s) of the device terminated
   by a resistance equal to the rated output impedance. The emanations of
   a TV interface device incorporating an intentional radiator shall not
   exceed the limits in § 15.109 or subpart C of this part, whichever is
   higher for each frequency. Where it is possible to determine which
   portion of the device is contributing a particular radio frequency
   emission, the emissions from the TV interface device portion shall
   comply with the emission limits in § 15.109, and the emissions from the
   intentional radiator shall comply with subpart C of this part.

   (b) Output signal limits:

   (1) At any RF output terminal, the maximum measured RMS voltage, in
   microvolts, corresponding to the peak envelope power of the modulated
   signal during maximum amplitude peaks across a resistance (R in ohms)
   matching the rated output impedance of the TV interface device, shall
   not exceed the following:

   (i) For a cable system terminal device or a TV interface device used
   with a master antenna, 692.8 times the square root of (R) for the video
   signal and 155 times the square root of (R) for the audio signal.

   (ii) For all other TV interface devices, 346.4 times the square root of
   (R) for the video signal and 77.5 times the square root of (R) for the
   audio signal.

   (2) At any RF output terminal, the maximum measured RMS voltage, in
   microvolts, corresponding to the peak envelope power of the modulated
   signal during maximum amplitude peaks across a resistance (R in ohms)
   matching the rated output impedance of the TV interface device, of any
   emission appearing on frequencies removed by more than 4.6 MHz below or
   7.4 MHz above the video carrier frequency on which the TV interface
   device is operated shall not exceed the following:

   (i) For a cable system terminal device or a TV interface device used
   with a master antenna, 692.8 times the square root of (R).

   (ii) For all other TV interface devices, 10.95 times the square root of
   (R).

   (3) The term master antenna used in this section refers to TV interface
   devices employed for central distribution of television or other video
   signals within a building. Such TV interface devices must be designed
   to:

   (i) Distribute multiple television signals at the same time;

   (ii) Distribute such signals by cable to outlets or TV receivers in
   multiple rooms in the building in which the TV interface devices are
   installed; and,

   (iii) Distribute all over-the-air or cable signals.

   Note: Cable-ready video cassette recorders continue to be subject to
   the provisions for general TV interface devices.

   (c) A TV interface device shall be equipped with a transfer switch for
   connecting the antenna terminals of a receiver selectively either to
   the receiving antenna or to the radio frequency output of the TV
   interface device, subject to the following:

   (1) When measured in any of its set positions, transfer switches shall
   comply with the following requirements:

   (i) For a cable system terminal device or a TV interface device
   equipped for use with a cable system or a master antenna, as defined in
   paragraph (b)(3) of this section, the isolation between the antenna and
   cable input terminals shall be at least 80 dB from 54 MHz to 216 MHz,
   at least 60 dB from 216 MHz to 550 MHz and at least 55 dB from 550 MHz
   to 806 MHz. The 80 dB standard applies at 216 MHz and the 60 dB
   standard applies at 550 MHz. In the case of a transfer switch requiring
   a power source, the required isolation shall be maintained in the event
   the device is not connected to a power source or power is interrupted.

   (ii) For all other TV interface devices, the maximum voltage,
   corresponding to the peak envelope power of the modulated video signal
   during maximum amplitude peaks, in microvolts, appearing at the
   receiving antenna input terminals when terminated with a resistance (R
   in ohms) matching the rated impedance of the antenna input of the
   switch, shall not exceed 0.346 times the square root of (R).

   (iii) Measurement to determine compliance with the transfer switch
   limits shall be made using a connecting cable, where required, between
   the TV interface device and the transfer switch of the type and length:

   (A) Provided with the TV interface device,

   (B) Recommended in the instruction manual, or

   (C) Normally employed by the consumer.

   (2) A TV interface device shall be designed and constructed, to the
   extent practicable, so as to preclude the possibility that the consumer
   may inadvertently attach the output of the device to the receiving
   antenna, if any, without first going through the transfer switch.

   (3) A transfer switch is not required for a TV interface device that,
   when connected, results in the user no longer having any need to
   receive standard over-the-air broadcast signals via a separate antenna.
   A transfer switch is not required to be marketed with a cable system
   terminal device unless that device provides for the connection of an
   external antenna. A transfer switch is not required for a device that
   is intended to be used as an accessory to an authorized TV interface
   device.

   (4) An actual transfer switch is not required for a TV interface
   device, including a cable system terminal device, that has an antenna
   input terminal(s); provided, the circuitry following the antenna input
   terminal(s) has sufficient bandwidth to allow the reception of all TV
   broadcast channels authorized under part 73 of this chapter and: For a
   cable system terminal device that can alternate between the reception
   of cable television service and an antenna, compliance with the
   isolation requirement specified in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section
   can be demonstrated; and, for all other TV interface devices, the
   maximum voltage appearing at the antenna terminal(s) does not exceed
   the limit in paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section.

   (5) If a transfer switch is not required, the following label shall be
   used in addition to the label shown in § 15.19(a):

   This device is intended to be attached to a receiver that is not used
   to receive over-the-air broadcast signals. Connection of this device in
   any other fashion may cause harmful interference to radio
   communications and is in violation of the FCC Rules, part 15.

   (d) A TV interface device, including a cable system terminal device,
   shall incorporate circuitry to automatically prevent emanations from
   the device from exceeding the technical specifications in this part.
   These circuits shall be adequate to accomplish their functions when the
   TV interface device is presented, if applicable, with video input
   signal levels in the range of one to five volts; this requirement is
   not applicable to a TV interface device that uses a built-in signal
   source and has no provisions for the connection of an external signal
   source. For devices that contain provisions for an external signal
   source but do not contain provisions for the input of an external
   baseband signal, e.g., some cable system terminal devices, compliance
   with the provisions of this paragraph shall be demonstrated with a
   radio frequency input signal of 0 to 25 dBmV.

   (e) For cable system terminal devices and TV interface devices used
   with a master antenna, as defined in paragraph (b)(3) of this section,
   the holder of the grant of authorization shall specify in the
   instruction manual or pamphlet, if a manual is not provided, the types
   of wires or coaxial cables necessary to ensure that the unit complies
   with the requirements of this part. The holder of the grant of
   authorization must comply with the provisions of § 15.27. For all other
   TV interface devices, the wires or coaxial cables used to couple the
   output signals to the TV receiver shall be provided by the responsible
   party.

   (f) A TV interface device which is submitted to the Commission as a
   composite device in a single enclosure containing a RF modulator, video
   source and other component devices shall be submitted on a single
   application (FCC Form 731) and shall be authorized as a single device.

   (g) An external device or accessory that is intended to be attached to
   a TV interface device shall comply with the technical and
   administrative requirements set out in the rules under which it
   operates. For example, a personal computer must be certificated to show
   compliance with the regulations for digital devices.

   (h) Stand-alone switches used to alternate between cable service and an
   antenna shall provide isolation between the antenna and cable input
   terminals that is at least 80 dB from 54 MHz to 216 MHz, at least 60 dB
   from 216 MHz to 550 MHz and at least 55 dB from 550 MHz to 806 MHz. The
   80 dB standard applies at 216 MHz and the 60 dB standard applies at 550
   MHz. In the case of stand-alone switches requiring a power source, the
   required isolation shall be maintained in the event the device is not
   connected to a power source or power is interrupted.

   (i) Switches and other devices intended to be used to by-pass the
   processing circuitry of a cable system terminal device, whether
   internal to such a terminal device or a stand-alone unit, shall not
   attenuate the input signal more than 6 dB from 54 MHz to 550 MHz, or
   more than 8 dB from 550 MHz to 804 MHz. The 6 dB standard applies at
   550 MHz.

   [ 54 FR 17714 , Apr. 25, 1989, as amended at  57 FR 33448 , July 29, 1992;
    59 FR 25341 , May 16, 1994;  61 FR 18509 , Apr. 26, 1996;  77 FR 4913 , Feb.
   1, 2012]

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Goto Section: 15.113 | 15.117

Goto Year: 2018 | 2020
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