FCC 73.1250 Revised as of December 4, 2012
Goto Year:2011 |
§ 73.1250 Broadcasting emergency information.
(a) Emergency situations in which the broadcasting of information is
considered as furthering the safety of life and property include, but
are not limited to the following: Tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, tidal
waves, earthquakes, icing conditions, heavy snows, widespread fires,
discharge of toxic gasses, widspread power failures, industrial
explosions, civil disorders and school closing and changes in school
bus schedules resulting from such conditions. See also § 73.3542,
Application for Emergency Authorization, for requirements involving
emergency situations not covered by this section for which prior
operating authority must be requested.
(b) If requested by responsible public officials, a station may, at its
discretion, and without further FCC authority, transmit emergency
point-to-point messages for the purpose of requesting or dispatching
aid and assisting in rescue operations.
(c) If the Emergency Alert System (EAS) is activated for a national
emergency while a Local Area or State emergency operation is in
progress, the national level EAS operation must take precedence. If,
during the broadcasting of Local Area or State emergency information,
the EAS codes or Attention Signal described in § 11.12 of this chapter
are used, the broadcasts are considered as being carried out under a
Local Area or State EAS plan.
(d) Any emergency operation undertaken in accordance with this section
may be terminated by the FCC if required in the public interest.
(e) Immediately upon cessation of an emergency during which broadcast
facilities were used for the transmission of point-to-point messages
under paragraph (b) of this section, or when daytime facilities were
used during nighttime hours by an AM station in accordance with
paragraph (f) of this section, a report in letter form shall be
forwarded to the FCC in Washington, DC, setting forth the nature of the
emergency, the dates and hours of the broadcasting of emergency
information, and a brief description of the material carried during the
emergency. A certification of compliance with the noncommercialization
provision of paragraph (f) of this section must accompany the report
where daytime facilities are used during nighttime hours by an AM
station, together with a detailed showing, under the provisisons of
that paragraph, that no other broadcast service existed or was
(f) AM stations may, without further FCC authority, use their full
daytime facilities during nighttime hours to broadcast emergency
information (examples listed in paragraph (a) of this section), when
necessary to the safety of life and property, in dangerous conditions
of a general nature and when adequate advance warning cannot be given
with the facilities authorized. Because of skywave interference impact
on other stations assigned to the same channel, such operation may be
undertaken only if regular, unlimited-time service, is non-existent,
inadequate from the standpoint of coverage, or not serving the public
need. All operation under this paragraph must be conducted on a
noncommercial basis. Recorded music may be used to the extent necessary
to provide program continuity.
(g) Broadcasting of emergency information shall be confined to the
hours, frequencies, powers and modes of operation specified in the
station license, except as otherwise provided for AM stations in
paragraph (f) of this section.
(h) Any emergency information transmitted by a TV or Class A TV station
in accordance with this section shall be transmitted both aurally and
visually or only visually. TV and Class A TV stations may use any
method of visual presentation which results in a legible message
conveying the essential emergency information. Methods which may be
used include, but are not necessarily limited to, slides, electronic
captioning, manual methods (e.g., hand printing) or mechanical printing
processes. However, when an emergency operation is being conducted
under a national, State or Local Area Emergency Alert System (EAS)
plan, emergency information shall be transmitted both aurally and
visually unless only the EAS codes are transmitted as specified in
§ 11.51(b) of this chapter.
[ 43 FR 45847 , Oct. 4, 1978, as amended at 50 FR 30947 , July 31, 1985;
59 FR 67102 , Dec. 28, 1994; 60 FR 56000 , Nov. 6, 1995; 65 FR 30003 , May
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